Prevalence of moderate or severe food insecurity in the population, based on the Food Insecurity Experience Scale (FIES)
Food insecurity experiences scale is based on a series of eight questions:
During the last 12 months, was there a time when, because of lack of money or other resources:
1. You were worried you would not have enough food to eat?
2. You were unable to eat healthy and nutritious food?
3. You ate only a few kinds of foods?
4. You had to skip a meal?
5. You ate less than you thought you should?
6. Your household ran out of food?
7. You were hungry but did not eat?
8. You went without eating for a whole day?
Australia has collected data on food insecurity, but not using the Food insecurity experiences scale.
In the 2011-12 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey and 2011-13 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey adult respondents were asked if there was any time in the last 12 months that they, or members of their household, had run out of food and couldn't afford to buy more. Respondents who answered yes were asked if they, or members of their household, had gone without food.
The data reported below are based on responses to these questions, and not the Food insecurity experiences scale.
In 2011-13, more than one in five (22%) Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people were living in a household that, in the previous 12 months, had run out of food and had not been able to afford to buy more. This was significantly higher than in the non-Indigenous population (3.7%). These figures include 7% of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population and 1.4% of the non-Indigenous population who lived in a household that had gone without food when they ran out.